RELIABLE data concerning the causes of death of children in the tropics are rarely available because permission for autopsies are obtained from the natives with difficulty and laboratory facilities are often inadequate. It seemed worth while, therefore, to utilize the unique advantages of this institution and compile these data from the records.
During the period 1904 to 1944,1 14,304 autopsies were performed in the Board of Health Laboratory, Gorgas Hospital, Ancon, Canal Zone. (The high autopsy rate of 68 per cent can be explained, in part, by the fact that the morticians who are employed at the Board of Health Laboratory obtain permission for autopsies.) In this series were 2,132 autopsies on children aged 10 years or less. The bodies came from Gorgas Hospital (known until 1927 as Ancon Hospital), Colón Hospital and Canal Zone dispensaries, and in many instances a coi oner's inquest had been held. They represented