Regional obstructive pulmonary emphysema in children following an acute infection of the upper respiratory tract has only recently been recognized as a clinical entity. Benjamin and Childe1 presented this subject for the first time, in November 1939.
Recently 2 cases of pulmonary emphysema were observed in the pediatric service of the Lenox Hill Hospital.
REPORT OF CASES
Case 1.—S. S., a 6 week old girl, was admitted to the hospital on May 26, 1943, with a history of irritability and frequent crying and with a temperature of 103 F. of four days' duration. Two days prior to her admission the child began to cough and to have rapid respiration. On the day of her admission she expectorated a small amount of white sputum.Examination of the child on her admission revealed that she was pale and acutely ill but not cyanotic. There was dulness to percussion over the