We present the following case with a report of the autopsy and a review of the opinions of various writers as to the diagnosis of nephritis in the newborn and in young infants.
REPORT OF A CASE
M. S. J., a Negro girl 2 months of age, was admitted to Grady Hospital, Atlanta, Ga., May 26, 1942. Her chief complaint was swelling of the hands, the feet, the stomach and the face for the preceding five days and frequent vomiting. Her weight on admission was 10 pounds 10½ ounces (4,833.6 Gm.); her temperature was 99.6 F. (rectal). The patient, who was a second child, had been delivered at home; she weighed 7 pounds (3,175.14 Gm.) at birth. She was breast fed. The mother, according to her own statement, had shown a positive reaction to the Kahn test during her recent pregnancy but had received no treatment.Physical Examination.—On examination