Dr. Martagao Gesteira belongs to the group of pioneers who started pediatrics as a medical specialty in Brazil. In his private practice, as well as in teaching and in planning children's welfare organizations, he has contributed definitely to the progress in the care of children which has taken place in recent years in that country.
His book is a collection of sixteen lectures or talks about pediatrics, which reflect his multiple interests and broad range of knowledge. In some of the lectures to medical students, such as those on "Directions for Therapy in Children," "The Error in Pediatric Practice" and "The Cry of the Infant," the titles themselves reveal the original and practical interest of the subjects, which are treated in a clear and didactic manner peculiar to the classical school. Other chapters contain more personal contributions to the author, such as the one about the treatment of infants having