The author states that in Uruguay 60 to 80 per cent of the cases of acute nutritional disturbances are due to parenteral infection. Fifty per cent of these are due to Salmonella or Shigella organisms and the remainder to various other organisms. A sulfonamide compound was used in the treatment of 384 children, with a resulting mortality of 1.2 per cent. Sulfathiazole, sulfadiazine or sulfaguanadine were the most effective against all infections except those due to Salmonella, for which he believes succinylsulfathiazole to be better suited. This treatment has reduced the general mortality of children from between 38 and 45 per cent to between 18 and 12 per cent.
The book is well written and contains an excellent bibliography and graphs.