There are few reports of osteomyelitis of the long bones in the newborn. Osteomyelitis of the jaw is not infrequent, and reviews have appeared by Bass,1 Wilensky2 and Poncher and Blayney.3 Because this condition is uncommon and because it differs in course and prognosis from the form of the disease commonly seen in older children, we are reporting the cases of 4 patients from the Children's Medical Service of Bellevue Hospital.
Palew4 in 1931 reported the case of a 2 week old infant with gonococcic osteomyelitis of the upper third of the left tibia. A local subcutaneous abscess which had formed was aspirated and later incised and drained. Complete recovery occurred, the drainage ceasing at the end of one week. The general health of the infant was good throughout the illness.
Dillehunt5 reported on 3 infants with osteomyelitis, 2 of whom were newborn. One infant