Nowadays, thanks to the safeguarding of water supplies and the intelligent handling of food, typhoid has become a rare disease. Always the proportion of children having it has been extremely small; so a case of its occurrence now in a child under 2 years is almost a museum piece. Herewith is reported such a case, in which the diagnosis was proved by blood culture and stool examinations and the infection was, fortunately, traced to its unexpected source.
An idea of the degree of the occurrence of typhoid in children is afforded by a report of a careful study of 30,000 children seen in the service of Dr. Charles Hendee Smith in Bellevue Hospital, New York, between the years 1924 and 1938—a period of fifteen years (Kendig and Kirmse1 ). In this large group there were but 95 cases of typhoid in children under 12, an incidence of 0.3 per cent;