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BASAL METABOLISM OF NORMAL INFANTS FROM THREE TO FIFTEEN MONTHS OF AGE:  WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO TWINS

DOROTHY D. CLAGETT, M.S.; MILICENT L. HATHAWAY, PH.D.
Am J Dis Child. 1941;62(5):967-980. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1941.02000170061005.
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The basal metabolism of normal infants has received much less attention than that of older children and adults. The truly basal state as defined for metabolic tests cannot be secured with infants, but the procedure used routinely for tests on children under 2 years of age provides the nearest approach to determination of minimal heat production. For convenience, measurements made under these conditions are considered basal for children of this age group. A detailed review of the early literature is given in the introduction to the monograph by Benedict and Talbot entitled, "The Gaseous Metabolism of Infants."1 The work of Howland,2 comparing the direct and the indirect computation of the heat production of 2 normal and 2 emaciated infants, was the direct forerunner of the more extensive study of Benedict and Talbot. The latter investigators made observations on 37 infants, of whom some were normal but many were

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