Dr. Adalbert Czerny's medical career covers almost completely the development of scientific pediatrics; thus it represents an interesting historical summary of German pediatrics during this period. It is to be noted that Czerny spent several years actively working in the medical sciences which he regarded as essential to the training of the specialist who is to contribute to development of pediatrics. The breaking away from internal medicine by way of medical care of the infant and gradual development of independent clinics in the universities is of great interest.
In his early years, when he was an assistant, the care of children was usually left to the youngest and most inexperienced assistant. No histories were taken, and the treatment was schematized. In the outpatient clinic the care of the patient left everything to be desired. In 1894 no German medical student was required to take work in pediatrics. When Czerny was