Changes of the blood vessels in congenital syphilis were first described in the English literature by Barlow,1 in 1877. Although many observers have reported congenital syphilitic aortitis in young children and in adolescents (syphilis hereditaria tarda), the clinical aspects rather than the pathologic changes seem to have been stressed. Since in older children congenital syphilitic aortitis is uncommon, only 14 cases having been reported in the literature, we submit the following report of a case in which the anatomic observations were suggestive of this condition.
REPORT OF A CASE
History.—A 10 year old white girl was first admitted to the Cook County Hospital on March 14, 1935. Her parents were natives of Poland and unable to speak English. The patient stated that she had been in good health until September 1934, when she was taken to a physician because of a pain in her side. A diagnosis of