This is a statistical summary of the condition of children in Slovakia, the eastern province of Czechoslovakia. The text is in the Slovakian language, with the résumés in German and French.
The author discusses in detail the infant mortality and the birth rate of this province as compared with those of Bohemia and Moravia. The birth rate has fallen continuously, but is higher in Slovakia than in the other provinces. The death rate of children in Slovakia, 145.3 per thousand infants alive at birth, is high, much higher than that of Bohemia. In studying the situation, the author found that the majority of deaths were of new-born infants, and he ascribed them to lack of skill in obstetrics and to diarrheal diseases, which have not decreased in Slovakia in many years. This, he thinks, is due to the fact that sufficient effort has not been made to help the families