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Am J Dis Child. 1936;52(6):1348-1360. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1936.04140060058006.
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Two cases of bile peritonitis are here reported, chiefly to call attention to a condition which is serious, though extremely rare, and for which successful surgical treatment is possible even after the disease has persisted for some time. In most, if not all, of the recorded cases of bile peritonitis in children the condition has been caused by traumatic rupture of the gallbladder or common duct following severe injury to the abdomen. As yet, however, I have found no report of bile peritonitis in a patient during the first few weeks of life and therefore, although future reports will undoubtedly lead to a better understanding of the primary cause and crystallize the clinical syndrome, it seems justifiable to attempt to draw some definite conclusions on the basis of only two cases, particularly since the cases were very much alike in the histories and clinical findings.



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