This report is concerned with presenting in detail the routine administration of a pentavalent antimony compound1 for treating a child with kala-azar, and with reviewing the therapeutic value of this drug in treating kala-azar in children of North China.
REPORT OF A CASE
M. W. Ch'en, a Chinese boy aged 9 years, came from a village in a region where kala-azar was endemic. He had been healthy until fifteen months before admission, when his father noticed that the child was gradually becoming listless. For nine months before admission he had frequent irregular attacks of fever. Since the onset of the present illness there had been gradual loss of appetite, strength and weight and frequent attacks of bleeding from the nose and gums. A mass reaching 2 fingerbreadths below the left costal margin was noticed in the upper part of the abdomen eight months before admission. This mass had gradually