0
Other Articles |

CHANGES IN THE RATE OF THE HUMAN FETAL HEART IN RESPONSE TO VIBRATORY STIMULI

LESTER WARREN SONTAG, M.D.; ROBERT F. WALLACE, Ph.D.
Am J Dis Child. 1936;51(3):583-589. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1936.01970150087006.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

That the human fetus is capable of perceiving sound vibrations and of responding to them by movements of the extremities has previously been reported. Forbes and Forbes1 reported the case of a woman who while attending musical concerts felt a great deal of fetal movement whenever the audience applauded. Peiper2 reported an increase of fetal activity immediately following certain sound stimuli. Ray,3 in an attempt to condition the human fetus, elicited a movement response to the sound of two boards clapping together. We4 reported the movement response of the fetus to sound by months during the last three months of intra-uterine life. We5 demonstrated the existence of this response at an earlier age than it had generally been assumed to be present. Minkowski6 and others have demonstrated on premature human fetuses from interrupted pregnancies the presence of a tactile sense and a response to

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
/>
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();