In the pediatric and ophthalmologic literature of the past twenty years one finds many references to phlyctenular conjunctivitis. A review of this work shows that although the clinical picture is clearly recognized and varied plans of therapy are suggested, there is still no absolute agreement as to the etiology. In 1925 Aland1 reviewed the literature on phlyctenular conjunctivitis and came to the conclusion that the preponderance of evidence was in favor of the etiologic rôle of tuberculosis, but that further statistical and therapeutic study was needed before this relationship could be definitely established. It is our purpose to present as additional evidence of this relationship a study of a group of children with phlyctenular conjunctivitis in whom particular attention was directed to the roentgenologic examination.
Two previous investigators have reported the results of roentgenologic examination of patients with phlyctenulosis. Weekers and Colmant2 obtained roentgenograms of the chests of 50