Adrian Brouwer (or Brauwer) (about 1608-1640), a pupil of Franz Hals and a "beer friend" of Rubens, painted mostly scenes of drinking and carousing in taverns, scenes with which he was most familiar. He left a painting, "Vaterpflichten," or fatherly care, in which a poor father is rendering first aid to his infant—a mute witness that the present-day care of infants by their fathers is not entirely new or unheard of. From the father's expression much can be deduced, especially that the child has some intestinal putrefaction. The painting is in the Dresden Gallery. Brouwer painted a number of pictures of especial medical interest, such as the one entitled "Bitter Medicine" and those illustrating the crude surgery of his day. The photograph is by Königliche Gemälde Galerie, Dresden.