About half of the nearly 3,000,000 cases of communicable diseases annually reported in this country occur in children. These diseases cause about 15 per cent of all deaths. From 50 to 75 per cent of the crippled children owe their condition to infantile paralysis and tuberculosis; and blindness, damaged hearts and kidneys and increased susceptibility to other infections are all found in the wake of communicable diseases. So great are the economic and social losses resulting from communicable diseases that every known effective means of control should be fully utilized, and further studies to increase knowledge should be expedited. It is also of the utmost importance that the general public, without whose support no effective control is possible, should be informed on the subject.
This report points out the importance of the control of communicable diseases among children, reviews the current practices of control, recommends those practices which experience has