The management of the premature infant may be divided into two general divisions, namely, the maintenance of a diet sufficient for growth and metabolism and the prevention of infection. In the present paper I deal primarily with the diet and the influence of exercise on the premature infant. The prevention of infection will be discussed in a subsequent article.
METHODS AND MATERIAL
For practical purposes, any infant weighing less than 5 pounds (2267.96 Gm.) at birth is classed as a premature, irrespective of the estimated period of gestation.The formula used for feeding these infants was made up of 30 cc. of evaporated milk and 90 cc. of breast milk.
COMMENT AND CONCLUSIONS
The important factors governing the care of these small infants are: (1) maintenance of body heat, (2) prevention of infection, (3) nursing care, (4) exercise and (5) food.The importance of maintaining a normal temperature is obvious.