0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Other Articles |

CARDIOSPASM IN THE NEW-BORN INFANT:  REPORT OF THREE CASES

T. L. BIRNBERG, M.D.
Am J Dis Child. 1929;38(6):1183-1195. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1929.01930120061005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Severe vomiting in the new-born infant is usually of grave portent, suggestive of a serious underlying pathologic process. The recognition of definite cardiospasm in three such cases has prompted an investigation of this unusual condition, as its detection in the new-born infant has hitherto not elicited comment.

Cardiospasm is defined as a spasm of the smooth muscle fibers surrounding the cardiac orifice, resulting in partial or complete occlusion of the lower end of the esophagus. It is therefore a functional disturbance of neurotic origin, causing failure of the lower end of the esophagus to consummate the act of deglutition.

The earliest description of cardiospasm was given by von Ziemssen and Zenker in 1824. In 1833 Hannay applied the name "idiopathic dilatation of the oesophagus" to the condition, but in 1882 Mikulicz considered that the obstruction was due to simple spasm at the cardiac orifice; he applied to the spasm the

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();