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DETERMINATIONS OF THE AMOUNTS OF BASE, CHLORIDE, FREE AND TOTAL ACIDITY:  IN THE GASTRIC CONTENTS OF CHILDREN ON WHOM GASTROSTOMY HAD BEEN PERFORMED IN THE GASTRIC CONTENTS OF FASTING NEW-BORN INFANTS

JOSEPH STOKES JR., M.D.; GEORGE W. STEPHENSON, A.B.; THOMAS C. GARRETT, A.B.
Am J Dis Child. 1929;37(3):565-572. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1929.01930030107011.
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The object of the work outlined in this paper was to determine the amounts of fixed base, total chloride, free acidity and total acidity in the gastric contents of children and of fasting new-born infants. Such determinations have not been recorded, to our knowledge, from cases in which gastric fistulas occur at the same time as patent esophagi. Nor have such determinations been recorded for the gastric contents of new-born infants previous to their ingestion of milk or water. The removal of the contents through a gastric fistula offers a means of eliminating the errors that have been shown to occur with the passage of the stomach tube.1 The results of these examinations, it was felt, would afford a more complete picture of the electrolyte balance in the contents of the fasting stomach, and of the stomach stimulated to secretion by an alcohol test meal, as well as a

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