Oestereicher, the all but forgotten physician of Ruffach, Alsace, who afterward practiced at Colmar, has his name linked with pediatrics in view of the fact that he used Roelans' text as the basis for a work which was popular in the sixteenth century. Not a great deal is known about him, but he is frequently mentioned in the archives of the period and apparently was a personage. His first book, printed in 1538, dealt with the work of Paul of Aegina. From this worthy, he turned his attention to Roelans, whose treatise is not easy to read. He rewrote the text, changing it considerably and adding material of his own. As he himself states, he translated it out of the "kitchen Latin." Sudhoff says that Oestereicher made a readable book of Roelans' text. The first edition was printed by Westheimer in Basle in 1540. In this edition, he mentions Roelans'