There are three incunabula devoted entirely to pediatrics and a fourth which contains pediatric material of extraordinary interest. The first of these is by Paulus Bagellardus ab Flumine, as his name is generally given. The date and place of his birth are not known, but he was educated at Padua, and practiced medicine there. For twenty-eight years, he taught medicine as docent and for two years as ordinarius; then he was made professor of medicine. Later he removed to Venice, but as the climate did not agree with him, he returned to Padua. He died in that city in 1492, and was buried in the Portico of Saint Anthony's.
Bagellardus entitled his book "A Little Book on the Diseases of Children," in the original Latin "Libellus de egritudinibus infantium." The first edition is dated April 21, 1472, and was printed by Bartholomäus de Valdezocchio and Martinus de Septum Arboribus. The