Congenital occlusions of the colon are less common than those of the small bowel, and their gross anatomic characteristics have not been studied with the same thoroughness that characterizes the descriptions of occlusions of the small bowel and anus. In many of the larger textbooks on morbid anatomy, pediatrics and surgery,1 scant mention is made of atresia of the colon.
In recent treatises, Richter2 and Grulee and Bonar3 have thoroughly described the general characteristics of the malformations of the gastrointestinal tract, and have summarized the theories so far advanced to explain the origin of occlusions of the gastro-intestinal tract.
In 1903 Kuliga4 described twenty-three occlusions of the colon in 189 reports of congenital obstruction of the bowel. In Kreuter's5 series of 194 congenital intestinal malformations, there were 33 of the colon. In 1912 Spriggs6 reviewed 398 reports of congenital occlusion of the intestinal tract,