Pneumothorax as a complication of tuberculosis in infancy is apparently an uncommon condition. This is the opinion of all writers on the subject. Bourne1 has recently reported a case in which the condition developed in an infant, aged 18 months. To our knowledge this is the youngest patient in whom this complication has been reported. For other reasons, subsequently presented, the case is also noteworthy.
REPORT OF CASE
R. M., a boy, aged 3 months, was admitted to the Pediatric Department of the Royal Victoria Hospital, Jan. 22, 1923, suffering from cough and loss of weight.Family History.—The patient's father was suffering from advanced pulmonary tuberculosis and living at home with his family. The mother was in poor health but showed no evidence of active tuberculosis. There had been six pregnancies. The first four children died respectively of diarrhea, meningitis, diphtheria and influenza between the ages of 5