In 1872, Kaposi brought to notice an unusual and remarkable affection of the skin which was characterized by the occurrence of deeply pigmented infiltrated areas and small tumors situated generally in the extremities and often followed after several years by visceral metastases and death. Since then, many reports of cases have been published similar in certain aspects to Kaposi's type but characterized, on the whole, by wide variations from the original examples. In a search through the literature few cases in children have been discovered, and none of these are described in sufficient detail to invite comparison with the case herein reported.
The child was examined by a number of physicians, none of whom had seen a comparable condition in either a child or an adult. A variety of opinions were advanced regarding the probable diagnosis, but it was finally decided that it more nearly resembled the type described by