Accepted for Publication: February 23, 2012.
Published Online: May 7, 2012. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.244
Author Contributions: Dr White had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: Lee and White. Acquisition of data: White. Analysis and interpretation of data: Lee and White. Drafting of the manuscript: Lee and White. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Lee and White. Statistical analysis: Lee. Obtained funding: White. Study supervision: White.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported in part by grants ARRA R01 AA 016798 and R01 AA 019511 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, R01 DA411018 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, P30 MH079920 and R01 MH73941 from the National Institute of Mental Health, and 96-MU-FX-0012 and OJJDP 2005-JK-FX-0001 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and by the Department of Health of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Disclaimer: The points of view in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the US Department of Justice.
Additional Contributions: Magda Stouthamer-Loeber, PhD, Rolf Loeber, PhD, Eun-Young Mun, PhD, Dustin Pardini, PhD, Kristen Springer, PhD, and Allan Horwitz, PhD, provided comments and suggestions, Kristen McCormick, BA, helped with the data set, and Courtney Cronley, PhD, suggested references.