This population-based case-control study assesses associations between environmental neighborhood features (such as streets, buildings, and natural surroundings) and adolescent homicide to identify targets for future place-based interventions.
This observational study determined that more restrictive overall gun control policies are associated with a reduced likelihood of youth gun carrying; these findings are relevant to gun policy debates about the critical importance of strengthening the overall gun law environment to prevent youth gun carrying.
This secondary data analysis of the 2013 California Healthy Kids Survey reports that during wartime, military-connected youth are at increased risk for adverse outcomes, such as use of alcohol and other substances of abuse; physical and nonphysical violence and harassment; and weapon carrying, compared with nonmilitary peers.
This cross-sectional study reports that children and adolescents in posttrafficking care showed high symptom levels of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder, which are strongly associated with self-harm or suicidal behaviors.
This study provides current estimates of exposure to violence, crime, and abuse across childhood and at different developmental stages.
This randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia found that the therapy decreased symptoms related to trauma and stress.
This secondary data analysis describes the content of new physical and sexual teen dating violence victimization questions first administered in the 2013 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey.
This Viewpoint reports on the recent attention to “millennial morbidities,” those chronic and sometimes intractable medical problems, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and family violence, that originate at the interface between biological, psychological, social, and environmental dimensions.
This prospective cohort study finds that one-third of assault-injured youth experience another violent injury requiring emergency department (ED) care within 2 years.
Hawkins et al test whether the Communities That Care prevention system reduced levels of risk and adolescent problem behaviors community-wide 8 years after implementation of Communities That Care.
Finkelhor et al provide updated estimates of and trends for childhood exposure to a broad range of violence, crime, and abuse victimizations. Using a national telephone survey, the experiences of 4503 children and youth aged 1 month to 17 years were assessed by interviews with caregivers and with youth in the case of those aged 10 to 17 years.