This Viewpoint discusses the development of a nationally representative longitudinal birth cohort study in the United States that would examine the social, physical, chemical, and nutritional influences that interact to shape health and development across the life course.
This Viewpoint discusses the need for longitudinal study of early exposures on child and family development and future health and well-being.
This Viewpoint discusses why the National Children’s Study was discontinued and whether a scaled-down version of the original study would be as effective.
This report summarizes the workshop presentations and discussion, including identification of high-priority topics for further research.
This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This retrospective cohort study examines the prevalence of birth defects among liveborn infants conceived with and without assisted reproductive technology.
Chambers et al conducted a comprehensive economic and health services assessment of the frequency, duration, and cost of hospital admissions during the first 5 years of life for singleton, twin, and higher-order multiple children. They examine the contribution of assisted reproductive technology to the incidence and cost of multiple births. See the Editorial by Mehta.
This Viewpoint discusses the potential to create a national health data system with detailed patient- and hospital-level data sets that could help identify gaps in care; scientifically test regional, state, and federal policies in an iterative manner; and improve health care and outcomes nationwide.
This cohort study describes the current practice of family presence during tracheal intubation and evaluates the association with procedure and clinician outcomes across multiple pediatric intensive care units.
This cohort study compares birth weight distributions of the INTERGROWTH-21st international standard with commonly used US references.
This special communication reports on the recommendations developed by a group of extramural investigators convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute for the direction(s) for future research in prenatal and perinatal determinants of lung health and disease in early life and identifies opportunities for scientific advancement.