This Viewpoint discusses features of communication between parents and children that promote children’s language acquisition.
This cohort study describes multidimensional patient-reported outcomes among pediatric burn survivors younger than 5 years to establish benchmarks using recovery curve methods.
This study examines associations between the social-emotional development of toddlers and mobile media use in a sample of parent-toddler dyads.
This cohort study evaluates the use of computed tomography to evaluate presence of traumatic brain injury based on guardian reports of children acting abnormally after minor blunt head trauma.
This nationwide cohort study evaluates the risk of asthma in preschool-aged and school-aged children based on their exposure to dogs and/or farm animals.
This population-based study reports an association between sleep problems in toddlers and later development of emotional and behavioral problems.
This survey study demonstrated a placebo effect in a comparison of agave nectar, placebo, and no treatment for acute cough in infants and toddlers, with no additional benefit offered by agave nectar. See the Editorial by Taylor and Opel.
Olds et al determine the effect of prenatal and infant/toddler nurse home visiting on maternal and child mortality during a 2-decade period.
Perrin and colleagues conducted a randomized clinical trial to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of parent training groups delivered to parents of toddlers in pediatric primary care settings. Martin T. Stein, MD, provided a related editorial.
To examine whether (1) neighborhood disadvantage is associated with social function in 2- and 3-year-olds born at very low birth weight (<1500 g) and (2) the association between social function and child's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is moderated by neighborhood disadvantage.
Cross-sectional study using the Newborn Lung Project, a cohort of infants born at very low birth weight in 2003 and 2004 in Wisconsin.
This study includes the subgroup of 626 non-Hispanic black or white infants who were followed up at ages 24 to 43 months with parent-reported health and developmental information.
An index of neighborhood disadvantage was derived by principal component analysis of 5 census tract variables (percentage of families in poverty, percentage of households with income higher than the state median, percentage of women with bachelor's degree or more, percentage of single mothers, and percentage of mothers of young children unemployed). Children were then classified (based on index tertiles) as living in either disadvantaged, middle advantage, or advantaged neighborhoods. Children's HRQoL was measured using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory.
Social function was measured using the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory.
Adjusting for child medical and family socioeconomic attributes, social function was lower (mean difference, −4.60; 95% confidence interval, −8.4 to −0.8) for children living in disadvantaged vs advantaged neighborhoods. We also found that the ill effects of lower HRQoL are particularly bad for children living in a disadvantaged neighborhood.
Children born at very low birth weight have disparities in social function at ages 2 and 3 years that are associated with both HRQoL and neighborhood characteristics.