Biondi and colleagues aimed to determine the time to positivity of blood culture results in febrile infants admitted to a general inpatient unit.
This cohort study evaluates the trend of antibiotic use in very low-birth-weight infants across Canada and the association between antibiotic use rates and mortality and morbidity among neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis.
This randomized clinical noninferiority trial compares heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) vs standard nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel nasal CPAP in treating respiratory distress syndrome of prematurity.
Njoroge and colleagues examined the associations among child race/ethnicity, parental beliefs/attitudes about television and child development, and television viewing habits of young children. They also assessed the reasons for existing racial/ethnic disparities in children’s media use.
This longitudinal follow-up study of the Healthy Beginnings Trial assesses the sustainability of effects of a home-based early intervention on children’s BMI and BMI z score at 3 years after intervention in socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia.
This population epidemiology study describes the incidence and clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children in Australia and New Zealand between 2007 and 2012.
This randomized clinical trial aims to determine whether providing donor milk instead of formula as supplemental feeding whenever own mother’s milk is insufficiently available during the first 10 days of life reduces the incidence of serious infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and mortality.
This cohort study uses electronic health records across 3 diverse pediatric health care networks to characterize the incidence, recognition, and distinguishing clinical features of pediatric C difficile infection–associated reactive arthritis among children with C difficile infection.
This Special Communication emphasizes the need to develop practices and policies to address adverse childhood experiences from the prenatal period through the first 3 years of life to prevent and manage stress-related disorders.
This retrospective analysis reports that the incidence of IPD in NYC children younger than 5 years and, particularly, the incidence of IPD caused by serotype 19A decreased dramatically following the introduction of PCV13, with reductions among all age and racial/ethnic groups. This represents a significant achievement for public health immunization programs and underscores the importance of achieving high immunization coverage.
This study evaluates the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine’s effect over time among adolescents 11 to 18 years old and accounts for the transition from whole-cell to acellular pertussis vaccines for the childhood primary series.