This Viewpoint discusses factors that contribute to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnoses.
This prospective population-based study of children and adolescents demonstrated that participation in sports could be a way to avoid the known decrease in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity during childhood and young adulthood.
This longitudinal follow-up study of the Healthy Beginnings Trial assesses the sustainability of effects of a home-based early intervention on children’s BMI and BMI z score at 3 years after intervention in socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia.
Surveys conducted in 2011 and 2013 and involving 2541 US adolescents 15 to 23 years of age at baseline examine the reach of television alcohol advertising and its effect on drinking among underage youth.
Gilbert-Diamond et al assess the prospective association between a bedroom television and change in body mass index, independent of television viewing, in a nationally representative sample of US children and adolescents.
Marinelli et al examined the association between hours of television viewing and sleep duration in preschool and school-aged children. They performed a longitudinal, multicenter study among birth cohorts in Menorca, Sabadell, and Valencia counties from the Spanish Infancia y Medio Ambiente (environment and childhood) project.
Bernhardt et al determine how children interpreted depictions of milk and apples in television advertisements for children’s meals by McDonald’s and Burger King.
In a cohort study, Magee and coauthors examine whether bidirectional relationships exist between sleep duration and media use among a representative sample of 3427 Australian children obtained from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, and whether these associations are moderated by child- and household-related factors.
Njoroge and colleagues examined the associations among child race/ethnicity, parental beliefs/attitudes about television and child development, and television viewing habits of young children. They also assessed the reasons for existing racial/ethnic disparities in children’s media use.
Fleming-Milici and coauthors quantify the amount of food and beverage advertising viewed by Hispanic youth on Spanish- and English-language television and compare it with the amount of food and beverage advertising viewed by non-Hispanic youth.
To examine the trends in food advertising seen by American children and adolescents.
Trend analysis of children's and adolescents' exposure to food advertising in 2003, 2005, and 2007, including separate analyses by race.
Children aged 2 to 5 years and 6 to 11 years and adolescents aged 12 to 17 years.
Exposure to total food advertising and advertising by food category.
Between 2003 and 2007 daily average exposure to food ads fell by 13.7% and 3.7% among young children aged 2 to 5 and 6 to 11 years, respectively, but increased by 3.7% among adolescents aged 12 to 17 years. Exposure to sweets ads fell 41%, 29.3%, and 12.1%, respectively, for 2- to 5-, 6- to 11-, and 12- to 17-year-olds and beverage ads were down by about 27% to 30% across these age groups, with substantial decreases in exposure to ads for the most heavily advertised sugar-sweetened beverages—fruit drinks and regular soft drinks. Exposure to fast food ads increased by 4.7%, 12.2%, and 20.4% among children aged 2 to 5, 6 to 11, and 12 to 17 years, respectively, between 2003 and 2007. The racial gap in exposure to food advertising grew between 2003 and 2007, particularly for fast food ads.
A number of positive changes have occurred in children's exposure to food advertising. Continued monitoring of food advertising exposure along with nutritional analyses is needed to further assess self-regulatory pledges.