This cohort study evaluates the trend of antibiotic use in very low-birth-weight infants across Canada and the association between antibiotic use rates and mortality and morbidity among neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis.
This population epidemiology study describes the incidence and clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children in Australia and New Zealand between 2007 and 2012.
This Viewpoint discusses the impact of sepsis on childhood mortality worldwide.
This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
This cohort study found an increase in adverse events after immunization of extremely low-birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.
This cost-effectiveness analysis estimates the cost-effectiveness of universal and targeted newborn congenital cytomegalovirus screening programs vs no screening among infants in US postpartum care and early hearing programs.
This modeling study estimates the number of pregnant women infected with Zika virus in Puerto Rico and the number of associated congenital microcephaly cases.
This study evaluates whether delay in the initiation of antimicrobial therapy for pediatric febrile urinary tract infections is associated with the occurrence and severity of renal scarring.
This review article summarizes the role of innate immunity in influenza A virus infection in the young child and highlights possible differences between children and adults that may make children more susceptible to severe influenza A infection.
This cohort study uses electronic health records across 3 diverse pediatric health care networks to characterize the incidence, recognition, and distinguishing clinical features of pediatric C difficile infection–associated reactive arthritis among children with C difficile infection.
This randomized clinical trial aims to determine whether providing donor milk instead of formula as supplemental feeding whenever own mother’s milk is insufficiently available during the first 10 days of life reduces the incidence of serious infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and mortality.
This mathematical modeling study finds that modified palivizumab regimens improve protection for children at risk for severe outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection.
This cohort study reports that postnatal cytomegalovirus infection was associated with increased risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low-birth-weight infants.