This cost-effectiveness analysis estimates the cost-effectiveness of universal and targeted newborn congenital cytomegalovirus screening programs vs no screening among infants in US postpartum care and early hearing programs.
This population epidemiology study describes the incidence and clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children in Australia and New Zealand between 2007 and 2012.
This cohort study uses electronic health records across 3 diverse pediatric health care networks to characterize the incidence, recognition, and distinguishing clinical features of pediatric C difficile infection–associated reactive arthritis among children with C difficile infection.
This mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional anonymous survey at a large children’s hospital identifies systems-level and sociocultural reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians work while sick.
Kaufman and colleagues determine if nonsterile glove use after hand hygiene before all patient and venous catheter contact, compared with hand hygiene alone, prevents late-onset infections in preterm infants. See also the editorial by Coffin.
Indrio et al investigate whether oral supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 during the first 3 months of life can reduce the onset of colic, gastroesophageal reflux, and constipation in term newborns and thereby reduce the socioeconomic impact of these conditions.
O’Kane et al evaluate the frequency and duration of concussions in female youth soccer players and determine if concussions result in stopping play and seeking medical care.
This epidemiological study examines and compares sport-related concussion outcomes in youth, high school, and collegiate football athletes.
This population-based birth cohort study examines whether mild maternal hypothyroxinemia in early pregnancy is related to symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children at 8 years of age.
This longitudinal study found no association between objectively measured physical activity and the development of depressive symptoms.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of melatonin supplementation in a population of children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis and sleep disturbance.
This review provides a practical review of the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of thyroid disorders commonly encountered in a primary care practice.