This cohort study used health administrative databases to examine rates of survival and utilization of surgery among children with trisomy 13 and 18.
This hospital epidemiology study used MEDPAR file data to compare surgical outcomes and Medicare expenditures at critical access vs non–critical access hosptials.
This randomized trial evaluates whether noninvasive ventilation improves 7-day tracheal reintubation and other outcomes compared with standard oxygen therapy among patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure after abdominal surgery.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of short-term high-dose perioperative atorvastatin vs placebo on acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery.
This commentary discusses a cohort study published in JAMA Surgery that investigated the role of shared decision making in nonsurgical vs surgical management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis in children.
This meta-analysis summarizes published evidence about the prevalence of mental health conditions in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and associations between those conditions and weight loss outcomes.
This commentary discusses a retrospective review of Pediatric Health Information System data recently published in JAMA Pediatrics that compared use of ultrasound and computed tomography among children with appendicitis.
This randomized trial compared differences between laparoscopic and open resection on completeness of excision and on negative margins among adult patients from Australia and New Zealand with T1-T3 rectal adenocarcinoma less than 15 cm from the anal verge.
This randomized trial compared differences between laparoscopic and open resection on completeness of excision and negative margins in patients with stage II or III rectal cancer.
This Viewpoint describes the shifts made by hospital networks toward a new type of surgical regionalization to improve surgical outcomes and overall clinical quality.
This study determines if there was a difference in hospital mortality among patients who underwent hip fracture surgery relative to an elective total hip replacement.
This study uses CMS Hospital Compare data to characterize hospitals penalized financially for preventable adverse events and investigates associations between financial penalties and quality scores.
This randomized trial reports that among patients with displaced proximal humeral fractures involving the surgical neck, there was no significant difference between surgical treatment compared with nonsurgical treatment in patient-reported clinical outcomes over 2 years following fracture occurrence.
This randomized trial reports that among patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia, sedative premedication with lorazepam compared with placebo or no premedication did not improve the self-reported patient experience the day after surgery, but was associated with modestly prolonged time to extubation and a lower rate of early cognitive recovery.
This analysis of surgical readmissions data reports that readmissions were mostly associated with postdischarge complications related to the procedure, rather than exacerbation of prior index admission complications.
Osborne and coauthors evaluate the association of enrollment and participation in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program with outcomes and Medicare payments compared with control hospitals that did not participate in the program.