This Viewpoint proposes that disclosures in comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trials should provide patients with appropriate information, including about risks, that are necessary to decide whether to join the trial, request a study treatment outside the trial, or select another available treatment.
This cohort study examines if use of antenatal corticosteroids is associated with improvement in major outcomes in extremely preterm multiples.
This study assesses the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and assesses type 2 diabetes and prediabetes as risk factors for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
This retrospective cohort study suggests that clinicians reconsider the practice of treating otherwise healthy children with acute osteomyelitis with prolonged intravenous antibiotics when an equally effective oral alternative exists.
Lee and colleagues aimed to determine the risk for clinically important traumatic brain injuries in children with isolated loss of consciousness.
Morriss et al assess the association between surgery during the initial hospitalization and death or neurodevelopmental impairment of very low-birth-weight infants. See the editorial by Williams et al.
This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This study uses the Delphi process to survey interdisciplinary health care professionals in an attempt to identify transition outcomes from pediatric to adult health care for adolescents and young adults with special health care needs.
Pappas et al for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network compare the neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of 3 groups of extremely low-gestational-age infants with increasing exposure to perinatal inflammation.
This prospective cohort study of ICUs determines if defining clinical acute kidney injury (AKI) by cystatin C vs serum creatinine increases altered associations with biomarkers and outcomes in 287 patients without preoperative AKI or ESRD undergoing cardiac surgery.