This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of late surfactant administration in infants with prolonged respiratory distress.
This post hoc study assesses whether there is an association between oxygen target and growth status.
This randomized trial finds no increase in the survival of extremely preterm infants receiving a less-invasive surfactant application protocol vs continuous positive airway pressure.
This systematic review found that although the intubate-surfactant-extubate approach is not superior to noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in preventing chronic lung disease, it does not increase chronic lung disease, death, or air leakage.
More et al conduct a meta-narrative review of the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive surfactant administration in preterm infants with or at risk for respiratory distress syndrome.
This randomized clinical noninferiority trial compares heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) vs standard nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel nasal CPAP in treating respiratory distress syndrome of prematurity.
This cohort study reports that postnatal cytomegalovirus infection was associated with increased risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low-birth-weight infants.
This review provides a practical review of the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of thyroid disorders commonly encountered in a primary care practice.
This special communication reports on the recommendations developed by a group of extramural investigators convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute for the direction(s) for future research in prenatal and perinatal determinants of lung health and disease in early life and identifies opportunities for scientific advancement.