This population-based observational study compares the cognitive and physical outcomes of school-aged children who were born full-term or late-term.
This randomized clinical trial provides support for continued administration of iron during pregnancy in malaria-endemic regions.
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.
This cross-sectional study examines newborn size by gestational age to investigate similarities and differences in risk factors for stunting and wasting.
This national, prospective, population-based cohort study found substantial survival improvement in survival and a reduction in severe morbidity for newborns born at 25 through 31 weeks’ gestation.
This observational cohort study reports pregnancy outcomes for women who received a kidney transplant during childhood compared with those who received a kidney transplant during adulthood.
To examine, following statewide dissemination, the influence of an evidence-based home visitation program for first-time mothers on reductions of subsequent pregnancies across time and different locations.
Retrospective cohort study.
Replication sites for the Nurse-Family Partnership (17 urban sites and 6 rural sites) across the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2007.
A total of 3844 Nurse-Family Partnership clients matched by propensity score to 10 938 local-area controls.
Time to second pregnancy resulting in a live birth within 2 years of the first infant's birth.
There were no program effects on time to first pregnancy in the early years of the program (2000-2003), but clients whose first infants were born after 2003 had fewer second pregnancies compared with controls (hazard ratio = 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.80-0.96). This benefit occurred principally among mothers who were aged 18 years or younger (hazard ratio = 0.73, 95% confidence interval, 0.61-0.89) and was twice as strong among mothers aged 18 years or younger from rural locations (hazard ratio = 0.40; 95% confidence interval, 0.22-0.73) compared with those from urban locations (hazard ratio = 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.95).
Program effects on pregnancy planning emerged after an implementation period of 3 years in both urban and rural locations, but they were particularly strong in rural locations and among younger mothers.
This retrospective cohort study examines the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes treated with glyburide vs insulin.