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  • Association Between Cesarean Birth and Risk of Obesity in Offspring in Childhood, Adolescence, and Early Adulthood

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; :e162385. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2385

    This cohort study investigates the association between cesarean birth and risk of obesity in offspring.

  • Childhood Obesity, Breastfeeding, Intestinal Microbiota, and Early Exposure to Antibiotics: What Is the Link?

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(8):735-737. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0964
  • Association Between Artificially Sweetened Beverage Consumption During Pregnancy and Infant Body Mass Index

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(7):662-670. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0301

    This cohort study aims to determine whether maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages during pregnancy is associated with infant body mass index.

  • Association of Sleep Deprivation With Reduction in Insulin Sensitivity as Assessed by the Hyperglycemic Clamp Technique in Adolescents

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(5):487-494. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4365

    This cross-sectional study compares insulin sensitivity, measured with the hyperglycemic clamp technique, in adolescents with sleep deprivation vs those with adequate sleep.

  • Fish Intake in Pregnancy and Child Growth: A Pooled Analysis of 15 European and US Birth Cohorts

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):381-390. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4430

    This multicenter, population-based birth cohort study examined whether fish intake in pregnancy is associated with offspring growth and the risk of childhood overweight and obesity.

  • Genetic Differential Susceptibility to Socioeconomic Status and Childhood Obesogenic Behavior: Why Targeted Prevention May Be the Best Societal Investment

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):359-364. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4253

    This cohort study investigates whether children carrying the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene living under adverse economic conditions have different fat intakes than those living in a healthy environment.

  • The Differential Susceptibility Hypothesis: Sensitivity to the Environment for Better and for Worse

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):321-322. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4263
  • Effect of a School-Based Water Intervention on Child Body Mass Index and Obesity

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(3):220-226. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3778

    This study examines the effect of water jets on standardized body mass index, overweight, and obesity in elementary school and middle school students enrolled in public schools in New York City.

  • Influence of Adiposity, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Screen Time on Insulin Dynamics Over 2 Years in Children

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(3):227-235. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3909

    This cohort study assesses whether adiposity, physical activity, fitness, and screen time affect insulin dynamics over 2 years in children with a family history of obesity.

  • Polygenic Risk, Appetite Traits, and Weight Gain in Middle Childhood: A Longitudinal Study

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(2):e154472. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4472

    This longitudinal study tested whether genetic risk for obesity is associated with accelerated weight gain in middle childhood (ages 4-8 years) and whether genetic association with accelerated weight gain is mediated by appetite traits.

  • Total Direct Medical Expenses and Characteristics of Privately Insured Adolescents Who Incur High Costs

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(10):e152682. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2682

    This cohort analysis reports that total direct medical expenses for privately insured adolescents who incur the highest costs are associated with medical complexity, mental health conditions, and obesity.

  • Effects of Breastfeeding on Obesity and Intelligence: Causal Insights From Different Study Designs

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(8):707-708. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0175

    This Viewpoint explains the strengths and weaknesses of different study designs as they relate to the breastfeeding literature, then assesses the effect of breastfeeding on obesity and IQ.

  • Drug Dosing and Pharmacokinetics in Children With Obesity: A Systematic Review

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(7):678-685. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.132

    This systematic review of the effects of obesity on drug disposition in children shows that clinically significant pharmacokinetic alternations are common in obese children. See also the Editorial by Gillman and Block.

  • Children With Obesity: How Are They Different?

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(7):626-628. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0444

    This Editorial discusses the need to provide evidence-based therapies that are as personalized as possible to children with obesity, while not making these children feel different from their peers in ways that are harmful.

  • Comparative Effectiveness of Childhood Obesity Interventions in Pediatric Primary Care: A Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(6):535-542. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0182

    This cluster-randomized clinical trial finds improved body mass index in groups of children whose physicians receive computerized clinical decision support and whose families receive coaching for behavior change.

  • Sustainability of Effects of an Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Trial Over Time: A Further 3-Year Follow-up of the Healthy Beginnings Trial

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(6):543-551. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0258

    This longitudinal follow-up study of the Healthy Beginnings Trial assesses the sustainability of effects of a home-based early intervention on children’s BMI and BMI z score at 3 years after intervention in socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia.

  • Musculoskeletal Pain, Self-reported Physical Function, and Quality of Life in the Teen–Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS) Cohort

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(6):552-559. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0378

    This prospective, observational study describes musculoskeletal pain, self-reported physical function, and quality of life in adolescents with severe obesity.

  • Application of Pediatric and Adult Guidelines for Treatment of Lipid Levels Among US Adolescents Transitioning to Young Adulthood

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(6):569-574. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0168

    This cross-sectional study reports that application of pediatric guidelines for statin therapy in adolescents and young adults will increase the proportion of those eligible for treatment of elevated lipid levels.

  • Association Between Competitive Food and Beverage Policies in Elementary Schools and Childhood Overweight/Obesity Trends: Differences by Neighborhood Socioeconomic Resources

    Abstract Full Text
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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(5):e150781. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0781

    This cross-sectional study found population-level improvements in the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity among fifth-grade students in California that coincided with the period following statewide competitive food and beverage standards implementation (2005-2010).

  • Prevention of Obesity in Infancy and Early Childhood: A National Institutes of Health Workshop

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(5):484-490. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3554

    This report summarizes the workshop presentations and discussion, including identification of high-priority topics for further research.