This population-based study uses data from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group registry to assess the association of inhaled nitric oxide with pulmonary hypertension and mortality in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
This Viewpoint recommends that the research model for the Children’s Oncology Group be emulated to study the effects of inhaled nitric oxide in neonates to establish acceptable practice patterns and lower the economic burden on the US health care system.
This literature review provides an update on the current knowledge about Kawasaki disease as well as recent advances in its diagnosis and treatment.
This observational study measured hemoglobin saturation in cerebral tissue before, during, and after blood transfusion in a cohort of Ugandan children with severe anemia.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of late surfactant administration in infants with prolonged respiratory distress.
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.
This review finds that understanding of the pathophysiological features of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is improving. Treatment with hypothermia has become the foundation of therapy.
This prospective cohort study reports that consumption of 3500 mg/d of sodium or more had no adverse effect on blood pressure in adolescent girls. The beneficial effects of dietary potassium on both systolic and diastolic blood pressures suggest that consuming more potassium-rich foods during childhood may help suppress the adolescent increase in blood pressure.
This review discusses the history of electronic cigarettes, user demographics, known health effects, and current legislative efforts to protect minors from exposure.
This review discusses the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment to manage nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children.