This randomized trial tests the effectiveness of an app that shows clown physicians giving a comical and informative tour of the operating room, for reducing preoperative anxiety in children.
This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial examines whether the ParentCorps intervention delivered in prekindergarten in high-poverty, urban schools leads to fewer mental health problems and increased academic performance in the early elementary school years.
This secondary analysis of a trial evaluating the efficacy of strict rest after pediatric concussion characterizes the incidence, course, and clinical significance of activity-related symptom exacerbations within 10 days of injury.
This study measures and compares the quality of resuscitative care delivered to simulated pediatric patients across a spectrum of pediatric emergency departments and general emergency departments in the United States.
This cohort study investigates associations between nonmedical use of opioids, sedatives, or stimulants, and suicidal ideation and attempts among Chinese adolescents.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of in-person resource navigation services vs written community resource information on social needs and child health.
This study evaluates the association between preoperative anemia and postoperative mortality in neonates undergoing noncardiac surgery in a large sample of US hospitals.
This cohort study examines associations between bariatric surgery and functional mobility and musculoskeletal pain in adolescents up to 2 years after bariatric surgery for severe obesity.
This cohort study tests the hypotheses that maternal folate concentrations can affect child metabolic health and that sufficient maternal folate concentrations can mitigate prepregnancy obesity-induced child metabolic risk.
This population-based, observational cohort study aims to explain why African American children are at greater risk for asthma-related readmissions than white children.
This cohort study describes multidimensional patient-reported outcomes among pediatric burn survivors younger than 5 years to establish benchmarks using recovery curve methods.
This randomized clinical trial examines how prenatal educational interventions in regard to newborn screening and use of residual blood spots affect parental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors.