Four days following resection of a scrotal lipoma, a 15-year-old boy with trisomy 21 presented to the emergency department with somnolence, pain, and paucity of speech with right hand and face weakness. What is your diagnosis?
Lehman and Fullerton evaluate the demographics and secular trends in mortality from ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in US children (<20 years) and determine if there has been a decrease in the disparity between white and black children since the publication of the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia in 1998. See related editorial by Jordan and DeBaun.
This cohort study compares brain injury prevalence and brain development in neonates with prenatal vs postnatal diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease.
This prospective cohort study reports that increasing body mass index and male sex increase relative risk of specific cardiovascular disease risk factors and suggests that even among severely obese adolescents, recognition and treatment of cardiovascular disease risk factors is important to help limit further progression of disease.
This population-based double-cohort study finds an increased risk for cerebral palsy in infants with 2 or more risk factors for neurotoxicity and total serum bilirubin levels of more than 5 mg/dL above the exchange transfusion threshold (ETT).