This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
This epidemiologic time-trend analysis reports that neonatal intensive care unit admission rates increased for all birth weight categories during 2007-2012.
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.
This cohort study found an increase in adverse events after immunization of extremely low-birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.
This Viewpoint explores human behavioral epigenetics in preterm infants.
This medical record review determines the rate of successful neonatal organ donation after determination of circulatory death and finds that the most common reason for exclusion among a population of infants who died in a single neonatal intensive care unit is late referral.
This Vermont Oxford Network study describes a new web-based tool for neonatal intensive care units to calculate composite morbidity and resource use.
This retrospective cohort study reports that increased regionalization of neonatal intensive care unit care may reduce bronchopulmonary dysplasia among very low-birth-weight infants.
This retrospective cohort study documents an immediate opportunity for local quality improvement initiatives and potential impetus for the regionalization of important neonatal intensive care unit resources.
Kaufman and colleagues determine if nonsterile glove use after hand hygiene before all patient and venous catheter contact, compared with hand hygiene alone, prevents late-onset infections in preterm infants. See also the editorial by Coffin.
Janvier and Lantos offer practical recommendations that will assist health care professionals in helping parents who have a child in the neonatal intensive care unit.
Sengupta et al compare the short-term morbidity of early-term vs term neonates in a birth cohort using the primary objective of admission to a neonatal intensive care unit or neonatology service. The retrospective population-based 3-year birth cohort (2006-2008) represents all major birth hospitals in Erie County, New York. See the Editorial by Oh and Raju.