This Special Communication emphasizes the need to develop practices and policies to address adverse childhood experiences from the prenatal period through the first 3 years of life to prevent and manage stress-related disorders.
The Viewpoint highlights the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report that takes a comprehensive look at preventing bullying through science, policy, and practice.
This systematic review discusses the outcomes of drug prevention programs used in middle schools as shown by independent evaluations.
This special communication reports on the recommendations developed by a group of extramural investigators convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute for the direction(s) for future research in prenatal and perinatal determinants of lung health and disease in early life and identifies opportunities for scientific advancement.
This population-based cohort study examines whether transient hypoglycemia 3 hours after birth is associated with poor academic performance at age 10 years.
This longitudinal study tested whether genetic risk for obesity is associated with accelerated weight gain in middle childhood (ages 4-8 years) and whether genetic association with accelerated weight gain is mediated by appetite traits.
This study provides current estimates of exposure to violence, crime, and abuse across childhood and at different developmental stages.
This review finds that understanding of the pathophysiological features of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is improving. Treatment with hypothermia has become the foundation of therapy.
This Viewpoint discusses the potential to create a national health data system with detailed patient- and hospital-level data sets that could help identify gaps in care; scientifically test regional, state, and federal policies in an iterative manner; and improve health care and outcomes nationwide.
This population-based study uses data from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group registry to assess the association of inhaled nitric oxide with pulmonary hypertension and mortality in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
This Viewpoint discusses how the Commission to Eliminate Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities developed policy recommendations in the absence of trial data, relying strongly on aggregate testimony from communities.
This observational study measured hemoglobin saturation in cerebral tissue before, during, and after blood transfusion in a cohort of Ugandan children with severe anemia.
This Viewpoint discusses the development of a nationally representative longitudinal birth cohort study in the United States that would examine the social, physical, chemical, and nutritional influences that interact to shape health and development across the life course.
This Viewpoint discusses features of communication between parents and children that promote children’s language acquisition.