This cohort study evaluates the trend of antibiotic use in very low-birth-weight infants across Canada and the association between antibiotic use rates and mortality and morbidity among neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis.
This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This population-based study uses data from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group registry to assess the association of inhaled nitric oxide with pulmonary hypertension and mortality in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
This randomized clinical trial determines whether consumption of thiamine-fortified fish sauce yields higher erythrocyte thiamine diphosphate concentrations among lactating women and their newborn infants and higher breast milk thiamine concentrations compared with a control sauce.
This population epidemiology study describes the incidence and clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children in Australia and New Zealand between 2007 and 2012.
This study evaluates the association between preoperative anemia and postoperative mortality in neonates undergoing noncardiac surgery in a large sample of US hospitals.
This cluster-randomized clinical trial assesses the association between the safe delivery smartphone app on neonatal resuscitation knowledge and skills of health care workers in Ethiopia as well as perinatal survival.
This consensus statement discusses measures to reduce the mortality and severe disability associated with potentially avoidable congenital disorders and their consequences for the children affected.
This randomized clinical trial aims to determine whether providing donor milk instead of formula as supplemental feeding whenever own mother’s milk is insufficiently available during the first 10 days of life reduces the incidence of serious infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and mortality.
This cohort study examines if use of antenatal corticosteroids is associated with improvement in major outcomes in extremely preterm multiples.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of late surfactant administration in infants with prolonged respiratory distress.
This post hoc study assesses whether there is an association between oxygen target and growth status.
This study examines the risk for maternal admission to the intensive care unit based on the infant’s 5-minute Apgar score.
This cohort study reports that postnatal cytomegalovirus infection was associated with increased risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low-birth-weight infants.
This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
This observational cohort study in a level III neonatal intensive care unit assesses the effects of early enhanced parenteral nutrition and early hyperglycemia on mortality among extremely low-birth-weight infants.
This epidemiologic time-trend analysis reports that neonatal intensive care unit admission rates increased for all birth weight categories during 2007-2012.