This study investigates the vaccine effectiveness of a complete 3-dose rotavirus vaccination regimen with mixed RotaTeq and Rotarix vaccines.
This study investigates the effect of recalibration of a bilirubin assay on total serum bilirubin levels and phototherapy use for newborns.
This Viewpoint explains the importance of prognosis as a link between diagnosis and therapy in medical practice and points out difficulties in prognosis research.
This population-based survey of adolescents in grades 9 to 12 reports on the effectiveness of antibullying legislation in reducing students’ risk of being bullied and cyberbullied.
This randomized clinical trial reports the effect of intermittent vs continuous pulse oximetry monitoring on hospital length of stay among nonhypoxemic infants and young children hospitalized for bronchiolitis.
This population-based cohort study examines whether transient hypoglycemia 3 hours after birth is associated with poor academic performance at age 10 years.
This cross-sectional study reports that application of pediatric guidelines for statin therapy in adolescents and young adults will increase the proportion of those eligible for treatment of elevated lipid levels.
This national assessment of emergency departments (EDs) for pediatric readiness finds that the presence of a pediatric emergency care coordinator improves readiness and compliance with guidelines.
This Viewpoint reports on the antimicrobial stewardship programs that have been created in many institutions in response to the overuse of antibiotics that has been implicated as a contributor to childhood morbidities such as asthma and obesity.
This Viewpoint supports establishing superior benchmarks of care in clinical practice. Establishing achievable excellence is an approach that encourages improvement while not demanding unrealistic or potentially adverse outcomes.
This observational study showed that school lunches brought from home were of lower nutritional quality than current National School Lunch Program guidelines.
This cross-sectional study of middle school and high school students and administrators suggests that full implementation of the US Department of Agriculture school meal and competitive venue standards can improve school nutritional environments.
This retrospective study demonstrates a significant practice change in the management of newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenia at a pediatric care tertiary care hospital surrounding revision of management guidelines for childhood immune thrombocytopenia from the American Society of Hematology.
Jiang et al assessed the effect of a short message service (SMS) intervention on infant feeding practices using a quasiexperimental design with follow-up measures at 4, 6, and 12 months at 4 community health centers. Mothers in the intervention group received weekly SMS messages about infant feeding from the third trimester to 12 months’ post partum.
Schwartz et al further validate the Social-ecological Model of Adolescent and Young Adult Readiness to Transition (SMART) via feedback from stakeholders (patients, parents, and providers) from a medically diverse population in need of life-long follow-up care, survivors of childhood cancer.