This cross-sectional study describes risk factors associated with acute recurrent pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis in children.
This cohort study investigates whether children carrying the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene living under adverse economic conditions have different fat intakes than those living in a healthy environment.
This longitudinal study tested whether genetic risk for obesity is associated with accelerated weight gain in middle childhood (ages 4-8 years) and whether genetic association with accelerated weight gain is mediated by appetite traits.
This ongoing cohort study reports that early probiotic supplementation may reduce the risk of islet autoimmunity in children at the highest genetic risk of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Llewellyn et al test the hypothesis that satiety responsiveness is an intermediate behavioral phenotype associated with genetic predisposition to obesity in children. From a twin cohort, they included 2258 unrelated children, one randomly selected from each twin pair, and assessed a polygenic risk score, adiposity, and satiety responsiveness.
Frederiksen and colleagues examined the associations between perinatal and infant exposures, especially early infant diet, and the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).
This meta-analysis suggests that symmetrical rapid growth may identify infants with high, life-long susceptibility for obesity.
This population-based study used the Swedish Medical Birth Register and other national databases to assess the association of labor induction with autism spectrum disorders in offspring whose diagnosis occurred by the ages 8 years to 21 years.