This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial examines whether the ParentCorps intervention delivered in prekindergarten in high-poverty, urban schools leads to fewer mental health problems and increased academic performance in the early elementary school years.
This cohort study investigates associations between nonmedical use of opioids, sedatives, or stimulants, and suicidal ideation and attempts among Chinese adolescents.
This population-based cohort study examines the morbidity and mortality of Norwegian adults born with an oral cleft.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the costs and cost-effectiveness of collaborative care vs usual care for treatment of adolescent major depressive disorder in primary care settings.
This cohort study assesses long-term kidney outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery and explores whether perioperative acute kidney injury is associated with worse long-term kidney outcomes.
This study examines whether close follow-up with reexamination is needed for children with acute otitis media initially managed without antimicrobial agents who have symptomatic improvement during the first week.
This cohort study investigates the association between cesarean birth and risk of obesity in offspring.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of in-person resource navigation services vs written community resource information on social needs and child health.
This study evaluates the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine’s effect over time among adolescents 11 to 18 years old and accounts for the transition from whole-cell to acellular pertussis vaccines for the childhood primary series.
This study of medical records evaluates the appropriateness of follow-up care for adolescents with newly identified depression symptoms in 3 large health systems.
This randomized clinical trial determines whether a multicomponent sun protection program delivered in pediatric clinics during the summer could increase summertime sun protection among young children.
This population-based study examines the association between maternal use of antidepressants, specifically selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, during the second and/or third trimester and the risk of autism spectrum disorder in children.
This cohort study aims to determine the frequency of Salter-Harris I fractures of the distal fibula using magnetic resonance imaging and compare the functional recovery of children with fractures identified by magnetic resonance imaging vs those with isolated ligament injuries.
This systematic review discusses the outcomes of drug prevention programs used in middle schools as shown by independent evaluations.
This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial determines that delayed umbilical cord clamping improved scores in the fine-motor and social domains at 4 years of age, especially in boys. See also the Editorial by Rabe.
This longitudinal follow-up study of the Healthy Beginnings Trial assesses the sustainability of effects of a home-based early intervention on children’s BMI and BMI z score at 3 years after intervention in socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia.
This cluster-randomized clinical trial finds improved body mass index in groups of children whose physicians receive computerized clinical decision support and whose families receive coaching for behavior change.
This randomized clinical trial reports that behavioral and nutritional treatment may be efficacious as a nutritional intervention for children aged 2 to 6 years with cystic fibrosis and pancreatic insufficiency. Sockrider provides a related editorial.