This double-blinded randomized clinical trial found that isotonic maintenance fluid administration is safe in general pediatric patients and may result in fewer cases of hyponatremia.
This review discusses the recent changes in and future directions for the evaluation and treatment of febrile children.
This review examines the increasing incidence, evaluation, and management of pediatric nephrolithiasis.
This review article evaluates current evidence on conservative, pharmacological, and mechanical (surgical or nonsurgical ligation) approaches to patent ductus arteriosus closure in preterm neonates.
This study of febrile infants reports that a procalcitonin assay has better diagnostic accuracy than C-reactive protein measurement for detecting invasive bacterial infection.
This randomized clinical trial reports the effect of intermittent vs continuous pulse oximetry monitoring on hospital length of stay among nonhypoxemic infants and young children hospitalized for bronchiolitis.
This cohort study reports that postnatal cytomegalovirus infection was associated with increased risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low-birth-weight infants.
This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
A previously healthy 7-year-old girl presented with fever, sore throat, bilateral conjunctival hemorrhage, periorbital edema, and eyelid ecchymoses. The illness began 1 week prior with low-grade fever and back pain. What is your diagnosis?
This observational study measured hemoglobin saturation in cerebral tissue before, during, and after blood transfusion in a cohort of Ugandan children with severe anemia.
This study measures and compares the quality of resuscitative care delivered to simulated pediatric patients across a spectrum of pediatric emergency departments and general emergency departments in the United States.