This study compares the incidence of pediatric marijuana exposures evaluated at a children’s hospital and regional poison center in Colorado before and after recreational marijuana legalization.
This special communication reports on the recommendations developed by a group of extramural investigators convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute for the direction(s) for future research in prenatal and perinatal determinants of lung health and disease in early life and identifies opportunities for scientific advancement.
This Viewpoint discusses the need for longitudinal study of early exposures on child and family development and future health and well-being.
This multicenter case-control study reports that if estimated associations are causal, some falls from furniture may be prevented by incorporating advice into child health contacts, personal child health records, and home safety assessments about use of safety gates; not leaving children, changing diapers, or putting children in car/bouncing seats on raised surfaces; allowing children to play or climb on furniture; and teaching children safety rules about climbing on objects.
This prospective cohort study finds that few individual antiretrovirals and no drug classes were associated with an increased risk of congenital anomalies in HIV-exposed infants after adjustment for calendar year and maternal characteristics.
This observational study showed that school lunches brought from home were of lower nutritional quality than current National School Lunch Program guidelines.
This cohort study reports that repeated exposure to broad-spectrum antibiotics in children at ages 0 to 23 months is associated with early childhood obesity.
Virtanen et al investigate whether animal contact and other microbial exposures during infancy are associated with the development of preclinical and clinical type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Terry-McElrath et al examine changes over time in school-based commercialism as well as differences by student body racial/ethnic distribution and socioeconomic status. See the editorial by Harris and Fox.
Schwartz et al further validate the Social-ecological Model of Adolescent and Young Adult Readiness to Transition (SMART) via feedback from stakeholders (patients, parents, and providers) from a medically diverse population in need of life-long follow-up care, survivors of childhood cancer.
Beyerlein et al examine whether early, short-term, or cumulative exposures to episodes of infection and fever during the first 3 years of life were associated with the initiation of persistent islet autoimmunity in children at increased risk for type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Wang et al compared the proportion of marijuana ingestions by young children who sought care at a children’s hospital in Colorado before and after modification of drug enforcement laws in October 2009 regarding medical marijuana possession. See the editorials by Levy and Hurley and Mazar.
Flaherty and colleagues conducted a prospective analysis of the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect data to examine the relationship between previous adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and somatic concerns and health problems in early adolescence, as well as the role of the timing of adverse exposures.