This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial examines whether the ParentCorps intervention delivered in prekindergarten in high-poverty, urban schools leads to fewer mental health problems and increased academic performance in the early elementary school years.
This period trend analysis describes trends in suicide among US children younger than 12 years by sociodemographic group and method of death.
This cross-sectional study found population-level improvements in the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity among fifth-grade students in California that coincided with the period following statewide competitive food and beverage standards implementation (2005-2010).
This school-based randomized clinical trial evaluates the short-term and long-term effects of chef-enhanced meals and extended exposure to choice architecture on healthier school food selection and consumption. See the Editorial by Patel and Volpp.
This quasi-experimental study found that a Breakfast in the Classroom program can increase school breakfast participation and has the potential to improve school attendance rates.
This observational study showed that school lunches brought from home were of lower nutritional quality than current National School Lunch Program guidelines.
Santos et al assessed the effectiveness of a peer-led healthy living program called Healthy Buddies on weight gain and its determinants when disseminated at the provincial level to elementary school students.
Terry-McElrath et al examine changes over time in school-based commercialism as well as differences by student body racial/ethnic distribution and socioeconomic status. See the editorial by Harris and Fox.
Chriqui and coauthors examine the association between district and state policy and/or law requirements regarding competitive food and beverages and public elementary school availability of foods and beverages high in fats, sugars, and/or sodium.
To examine the availability of beverages for sale in elementary schools.
Nationally representative mail-back survey.
US public and private elementary schools during the 2006-2007, 2007-2008, and 2008-2009 school years.
Survey respondents at elementary schools.
Availability of beverages offered in competitive venues and school lunches.
Public elementary school students' access to beverages for sale in any competitive venue on campus (vending machines, stores, snack bars, and/or à la carte) increased from 49.0% in 2006-2007 to 61.3% in 2008- 2009 (P < .01). The percentage of public school students with access to only beverages allowed by the Institute of Medicine guidelines for competitive beverages (ie, water, 100% juice, and 1% or nonfat milk) increased from 10.0% to 16.1% (P < .01). Access to higher-fat milk (2% or whole milk) in school lunches decreased from 77.9% of public school students in 2006-2007 to 68.3% in 2008-2009 (P < .001). Flavored milk was available at lunch on most days for 92.1% of public school students.
As of the 2008-2009 school year, high-calorie beverages and beverages not allowed by national guidelines were still widely available in elementary schools.